Designs with the main feature ‘size’

People’s Pavilion: 100% geleend

100% borrowed means that there was no screwing, glueing, drilling or sawing. All materials used had to remain intact. The People’s Pavilion was the central meeting point and discussion platform during the first edition of the World Design Event during Dutch Design Week 2017.

Photo: Filip Dujardin

Forz glaze

A research on glazes based on ashes of waste materials. Studio Mixtura explored different types of ashes, which appeared after recycling processes of general waste, glass recycling and paper recycling processes. These residues with a complex mineral composition compose Forz glaze recipes.


A novel, reversible building system comprising dry‐assembled, interlocking cast components out of waste glass. Grasping from the high compressive strength of glass, the project explores the recycling of everyday glass waste into cast structural components for architectural and interior design applications.


Lithoplast is a new composite material that brings to life a speculative and scientific-based research into the future of plastic pollution and how it hybridizes into a new material in the geological strata of the earth. The name Lithoplast suggests its abilities: Lithos- meaning ‘stone’, and Plast, meaning ‘capable of being shaped or molded’.

Photo: Alan Boom


Fine dust from Rotterdam is used to make enamel for ceramics. The color of the particulate matter makes the poor air quality visible, and even tangible.

Personal Knitwear for everybody

The clothing industry can and must become more sustainable. If an article of clothing meets the specific wishes of the wearer – in terms of fit, material and colour – full clothes racks in shops are unnecessary. Rosanne van der Meer combines 3D knitting with an on-demand system.

The Tree Trunk Chair

What does ‘new’ mean? The Tree Trunk Chair has a production time of 200 years. By pressing a mould into a tree for two centuries, the tree will slowly take on the shape of the mould, after which it can be removed and the chair can be ‘harvested’.

AGF Klasse 3

The goal of this project is to notify people of the AGF Class 3. Potatoes, fruit and vegetables (A,G and F) from this class have a 10 percent deviation or more and are not offered to consumers. Part of the AGF Class 3 is offered to animal feed companies to be used as livestock feed. The majority of these vegetables will disappear immediately on the compost pile. Renée Boute wants to make clear to consumers that there is nothing wrong with these products. She incorporated this objective in a cooking book that shows in a tasty way that fruits and vegetables from the AGF Class 3 do not belong on the compost pile.


In the Netherlands, mealworms are grown for the food industry. Now mainly as food for animals; in the future also for people. The mealworm originates from the mealworm beetle, which dies several months after laying eggs. Growers see these beetles as waste and throw them away. In order to reduce waste and reuse natural resources, Aagje Hoekstra examined how the beetles could be given a second life, as part of her graduation project at the Utrecht School of the Arts (HKU).

Black Gold

Quintus Kropholler ‘s Black Gold collection includes items made of asphalt. Asphalt consists of stone and bitumen. Bitumen is the material that is left over after the processing of crude oil. With this project, Kropholler wants to change the perception of the material. Unlike plastic and gasoline, this petroleum product has a long life and will probably outlive its source (petroleum). Kropholler also demonstrates that asphalt has an aesthetic value.

Pendant lights

One in four trees has a fungus. The mould-infested trees are not put on the timber market and are usually cut up in the shredder. Milo Dool gives this waste wood a new destination in his Pendant Light design; the lamps are made of mouldy beech wood.

Invert Footwear

The Invert Footwear collection consists of pairs of different brands of sneakers and flip-flops. For example, Elisa van Joolen turned sample models of Nike skate sneakers inside out and created new matching soles made of flip-flops. The Nike sole became new sandals. Each pair of shoes is unique.

Protective Underwear

For her graduation project at the Design Academy in Eindhoven, Julia Veldhuijzen van Zanten sought inspiration in the fact that more and more older people want to stay independent for as long as possible, and she started focusing on the emotional and ecological impact of a common problem: worldwide, one in four women and one in eight men have to cope with some degree of incontinence. That’s about 200 million people.

Blue Sky Project

Scientific research has shown that the best way to deal with winter depression is the light of a clear blue sky on a summer’s day. For the Anti-Winter Depression exhibition that took place in the winter of 2013/14 in Marres in Maastricht, Chris Kabel conducted a study into the physical process that makes the sky blue. The preliminary result of this study is the Blue Sky lamp, a prototype therapy lamp that simulates the light of a clear blue sky on a summer’s day.

Living Pixels

Using pigment-carrying bacteria, ink is being grown that can be used in the graphic design. Ink nursery Levende Pixels, or Living Pixels, can grow the whole colour spectrum, including neon colours. For the CYMK selection, bacteria can be found in, for example, earth (blue), on our skin (pink), on plants (yellow), and also in our mouths (black). The ink-growing machine makes the graphic designer of the future self-sufficient in natural ink.

3D Print Canal House

The 3D Print Canal House is a three-year research project in which DUS Architects, in collaboration with a number of national and international partners, work on the printing of a canal house to study the possibilities of 3D printing in architecture.

Aera Fabrica

For her project, Aera Fabrica, Roos Meerman uses heat and air to blow up 3D-printed forms. Because plastic can quickly change from a liquid to a solid, it is possible to make the form flexible by heating the plastic, then blowing it up and letting it cool down again until the shape sets. Meerman uses PLA, a 100%-biodegradable material made from corn.


Ivorish is the result of substantive and artistic research dedicated to the ambiguous beauty of ivory. The intended jewellery line by Nina van den Broek is made of milk teeth. By pulverizing the material into powder and then manually shaping an object out of it, Van den Broek has created a versatile new kind of ivory without any restrictions.

Noorderparkbar – 100% reuse

The Noorderparkbar is a coffee shop in the Noorderpark in Amsterdam-Noord. It’s the first building in the Netherlands for which all used building materials were sourced at The bar was designed and built by Bureau SLA and Overtreders W, to become an extension of the Noorderkamer, the cultural home of the neighborhood. On Wednesdays, Fridays and Sundays you can enjoy a coffee and tea at the bar.


Old crafts from the Biesbosch return with the seasons. The contempary poor quality straw and willow are cut in winter and bundled to function as a bench in summer. After the fall season, the benches disintegrate. They are returned to nature, to feed new and willow and reed.

Makers Festival

The Makers Festival is a festival in Amsterdam that promotes the role of craftsmanship and production in today’s society.
In designing the layout for the festival the designers paid heed to the waste materials that could be sourced in the area as a way of minimising transport costs (the ‘harvest cart method’ used by 2012 Architects).

Carbon Age

Three clocks produced using Biochar. Biochar is produced by the thermal decomposition of agricultural waste and consists mainly of carbon. The carbon is present in an inert form, which means it cannot be absorbed by plants or animals. When buried in the earth, Biochar will work to continuously remove CO2 from the atmosphere.

Integral foamed concrete

A core of foamed concrete with a solid outer layer. The kernel and cladding are both made from sand, cement and water and are fully recyclable.
The worldwide production of concrete continues to rise, but innovation is lagging behind. Foamed concrete is lighter and more durable than ordinary concrete but is also more vulnerable and water-absorbent. These disadvantages can be eliminated by covering the core with a solid outer shell.

Fabric Facade

Insulating fa’ade fabric made from strips of recycled PTFR (Teflon) sourced from conveyor belts used in the food processing industry. The strips are cut out of five-metre-long rolls. The pallets used to transport the material are used as cutting tables.

Wooden textiles

A study of the quality of wood as a flexible material. The designer conducted research in the South Pacific, where tree bark is softened by beating until it can be used in blankets.


Throughout the Netherlands, the areas around railway and bus stations are overflowing with old, abandoned bikes that need to be cleared away.


The impression of a sunrise can be created by using stencils to remove part of the accumulated dirt on the huge glass windows Centraal Station in Amsterdam.

De Goedzak

Every now and then everyone throws out items that might still be of value and/or useful to others. These items disappear in grey garbage bags and end up on trash piles. The ‘Goedzak’ offers them a second chance. The bright coloured bag with the transparent window attracts attention and allows you to scan its contents. If no one is interested in contents, the bag will simply follow the same path as the other garbage bags.


The marriage of traditional jewellery craftsmanship with technological innovations fosters a dialogue between tradition and innovation, the hand-made and the mass-produced, low tech and high tech. 3D printing signals a revolution in the jewellery design industry. The computer-controlled printer builds up the designed product layer by layer. Today, the process can print on over fifteen materials including natural materials such as metals, sandstone, rubber and gold.


Zipp is a lamp made from a flat section of polypropylene 0.4 mm thick, with a metre-long zip attached. All you need to do is zip together the long strip of material to create a wonderful spherical lampshade. In general, most lamps are packed in space-consuming boxes for transportation. And what is actually being transported is mainly air.

De broodzak

Baking bread is something many people enjoy, but afterwards you are left with a very messy kitchen. The alternative is a bread-making machine, but that has the disadvantage of being energy-intensive. Made from silicone, the bread bag has been designed for people to make their own bread without getting dough all over their hands and their kitchen counter.

Spring Wood Restless Legs

Wood is flexible, otherwise a tree would not be able to survive and branches would break off. But the wood used in furniture manufacture is, in contrast, generally tough, streamlined, stable and rigid.


In the Netherlands, two hundred rotor blades are rejected every year. The rotor blades are weather and wind proof and aerodynamically shaped. Using five rejected wind turbine rotor blades, 2012Architecten built a playground in Rotterdam. By connecting the rotor blades, they created a labyrinth that is a great place for kids to play. In the future, 2012Architecten want to other items of street furniture and skateboard parks from rotor blades.

Moving Meshes

Research into materials is a key part of the work of Maria Blaisse. Essential qualities here are simplicity, clarity, beauty, durability and making optimal use of the material and its characteristics.

Gaudi Stool

Weight is a crucial aspect of sustainability. Lightweight products use less energy. Geenen’s research looked at systems found in nature and in architecture. The research project culminated in a series of designs in which each item of furniture is designed on the dynamics of a constructional principle.

Beleaf, bird houses made out of leaves

BeLeaf is a new and natural lightweight material made from leaves and natural binders; it is biodegradable and environmentally friendly. We still only use wood for various purposes but consider the leaves a waste product. Celestine Briët sees leaves as a raw material with a multiplicity of uses.

Aquadine Sculpture

The makers of Aquadyne, planks of recycled plastic used for drainage, eco-roofing and vertical farming invited artist Jan Eric Visser to come to England to create a sculpture from this new material.