Designs with the main feature ‘labor/value’

People’s Pavilion: 100% geleend

100% borrowed means that there was no screwing, glueing, drilling or sawing. All materials used had to remain intact. The People’s Pavilion was the central meeting point and discussion platform during the first edition of the World Design Event during Dutch Design Week 2017.

Photo: Filip Dujardin

Wood in Progress

Driven by a strong affinity to challenge the industry, the design collective Envisions strives to collaborate with established companies and inspire them to rethink their production processes.


A research project which looks at how we can work with, instead of against, the natural quality of jute to create a high-quality sensitive product. Jute is normally used ‘behind the scenes’ and never as aesthetic material.

Recomposed Bamboo

‘Recomposed Bamboo’ investigates the composition of the bamboo tube, and how this structure can be used more efficiently and aesthetically.

Personal Knitwear for everybody

The clothing industry can and must become more sustainable. If an article of clothing meets the specific wishes of the wearer – in terms of fit, material and colour – full clothes racks in shops are unnecessary. Rosanne van der Meer combines 3D knitting with an on-demand system.

Functional 3D Printed Ceramics

More and more materials can be printed in 3D, including clay. Olivier van Herpt built a 3D clay printer. The designer can influence the machine as it prints. And because clay is a changeable material, chance also plays a part in the printing. This gives rise to a craft product created with the latest technology.


No Mad Makers (Floor Nagler and Didi Aaslund) helps refugees on the Greek island of Lesbos to make bags from the sails of boats and the life jackets that are left behind on the beach. The refugees can take the bags with them on their journey through Europe.


Using subterranean templates as moulds, the root systems of plants are channelled, forming a textile-like material. During the growth process the roots conform to the patterns and the root material weaves or braids itself. For her research, Diana Scherer is collaborating with biologists and ecologists of the Radboud University in Nijmegen.

Ripening Rugs

Adrianus Kundert designs rugs that come to life through intensive use. New colours, textures and patterns appear in places where the rug has been used most. Because the rug becomes more beautiful as it wears, it will not be replaced quickly, as happens with normal wear and tear.

The Lenticular Project

Lenticular printing is used to produce an image that changes optically in colour or depth as it moves. Antoine Peters is researching the possibilities of applying this technique to fabric and creating ‘multiple design’ clothing; the colour of the print changes depending on the movements of the wearer or the viewer.

Hollow Tube Technique

Dirk van de Kooij is researching whether recycled materials can be used in a pulverised form, to which auxiliary materials are added directly, making energy-intensive processing of recycled materials unnecessary.

AGF Klasse 3

The goal of this project is to notify people of the AGF Class 3. Potatoes, fruit and vegetables (A,G and F) from this class have a 10 percent deviation or more and are not offered to consumers. Part of the AGF Class 3 is offered to animal feed companies to be used as livestock feed. The majority of these vegetables will disappear immediately on the compost pile. Renée Boute wants to make clear to consumers that there is nothing wrong with these products. She incorporated this objective in a cooking book that shows in a tasty way that fruits and vegetables from the AGF Class 3 do not belong on the compost pile.


The glass industry uses only white, pure sand for the manufacturing of glass. This type of sand can only be found in a small number of sand quarries around the world. As part of the Sandbank project, Atelier NL is experimenting with various local, non-pure types of sand. Types of sand from different locations produce different colours, patterns, and textures.
Sand from different locations produces different colors, patterns, and textures. Melted in the oven the sands fracture, foam, and harden into crystallization patterns. With SandBank Atelier NL explores the potential of these new material variations.

Photo: Mike Roelofs


In the Netherlands, mealworms are grown for the food industry. Now mainly as food for animals; in the future also for people. The mealworm originates from the mealworm beetle, which dies several months after laying eggs. Growers see these beetles as waste and throw them away. In order to reduce waste and reuse natural resources, Aagje Hoekstra examined how the beetles could be given a second life, as part of her graduation project at the Utrecht School of the Arts (HKU).

Black Gold

Quintus Kropholler ‘s Black Gold collection includes items made of asphalt. Asphalt consists of stone and bitumen. Bitumen is the material that is left over after the processing of crude oil. With this project, Kropholler wants to change the perception of the material. Unlike plastic and gasoline, this petroleum product has a long life and will probably outlive its source (petroleum). Kropholler also demonstrates that asphalt has an aesthetic value.

Mycelium Project

With the Mycelium Project, Studio Eric Klarenbeek aims to offer an alternative to plastics and bioplastics in the relatively young market of 3D printing. The chair is printed with mycelium, a network of hyphae. Instead of melting layers of plastic together, Eric Klarenbeek uses mycelium as ‘living glue. The basic raw material is vegetable waste.

Pendant lights

One in four trees has a fungus. The mould-infested trees are not put on the timber market and are usually cut up in the shredder. Milo Dool gives this waste wood a new destination in his Pendant Light design; the lamps are made of mouldy beech wood.

Invert Footwear

The Invert Footwear collection consists of pairs of different brands of sneakers and flip-flops. For example, Elisa van Joolen turned sample models of Nike skate sneakers inside out and created new matching soles made of flip-flops. The Nike sole became new sandals. Each pair of shoes is unique.

Living Pixels

Using pigment-carrying bacteria, ink is being grown that can be used in the graphic design. Ink nursery Levende Pixels, or Living Pixels, can grow the whole colour spectrum, including neon colours. For the CYMK selection, bacteria can be found in, for example, earth (blue), on our skin (pink), on plants (yellow), and also in our mouths (black). The ink-growing machine makes the graphic designer of the future self-sufficient in natural ink.


Ivorish is the result of substantive and artistic research dedicated to the ambiguous beauty of ivory. The intended jewellery line by Nina van den Broek is made of milk teeth. By pulverizing the material into powder and then manually shaping an object out of it, Van den Broek has created a versatile new kind of ivory without any restrictions.

Meet Your Stranger

‘Meet Your Stranger’ is an interactive movie experience that happened outside the theater in public spaces around Schouwburgplein in Rotterdam during the International Film Festival Rotterdam 2012. Using dialogue texts that appeared on their smartphones IFFR visitors stepped into play. They experienced several movie scenes in the midst of virtual sets that were revealed through the smartphone. For ‘Meet Your Stranger’ augmented reality was applied in such a way that a virtual scene by appeared around the ‘strangers’ who played a scene.

In Bloom

People like to surround themselves with prints of flowers. Since the industrial revolution it is possible to print large amounts of flowers on fabrics.

Noorderparkbar – 100% reuse

The Noorderparkbar is a coffee shop in the Noorderpark in Amsterdam-Noord. It’s the first building in the Netherlands for which all used building materials were sourced at The bar was designed and built by Bureau SLA and Overtreders W, to become an extension of the Noorderkamer, the cultural home of the neighborhood. On Wednesdays, Fridays and Sundays you can enjoy a coffee and tea at the bar.

Season Change

A dress fashioned from strips of used bicycle inner-tubes that act as individual vases, and hold cut flowers. Even without the ornamentation of fresh flowers, the dress is a wonderful object in its own right.
Season Change is a collaborative project between landscape designer Anouk Vogel and fashion designer Mattijs van Bergen.

First Runner Up

The raincoat is made from a new textile developed on the basis of a C2C certified interior furnishing fabric impregnated with an eco-friendly coating so that the garment is waterproof. The coat can easily be taken apart and recycled.

Waterloop / Water

A collection of textiles including a tablecloth, grand foulard, tea towels and a rug. With digital printing, patterns can be printed on the woven textiles with great accuracy, resulting in considerably less ink wastage than conventional printing techniques.


Experiments with and research into 3D programmes and production methods for fashion and interior design where production and choice of materials are interlinked. 3D printing means that you only produce what you need, where you need it, using only the amount of material you need. Embellishments, zips and so on can be integrated into the fabric.

Pronkstuk / Centerpiece

A series of vases combining two traditional crafts. Broken Delfts blue vases are deftly repaired using a tracery of wickerwork. The result is a stunning new object that brings the shattered vases back to life.

Precious Waste

Precious Waste is a textile made from thin strips of plastic spun into delicate threads on a spinning wheel. Next, the threads are hand-woven into a large lap of fabric. The resulting textile is used to make new bags; the material can, however, be used for a variety of products.


The impression of a sunrise can be created by using stencils to remove part of the accumulated dirt on the huge glass windows Centraal Station in Amsterdam.

De Goedzak

Every now and then everyone throws out items that might still be of value and/or useful to others. These items disappear in grey garbage bags and end up on trash piles. The ‘Goedzak’ offers them a second chance. The bright coloured bag with the transparent window attracts attention and allows you to scan its contents. If no one is interested in contents, the bag will simply follow the same path as the other garbage bags.


The marriage of traditional jewellery craftsmanship with technological innovations fosters a dialogue between tradition and innovation, the hand-made and the mass-produced, low tech and high tech. 3D printing signals a revolution in the jewellery design industry. The computer-controlled printer builds up the designed product layer by layer. Today, the process can print on over fifteen materials including natural materials such as metals, sandstone, rubber and gold.

Crunch Bags

Cardboard-like paper is wrinkled then glued usin unbleached cotton to produce al long-lasting, robust material. The series includes four kinds of sports bags, a style which is increasingly used as an everyday bag.


The glass industry is so complex that it is difficult for designers to know where to start. Klaas Kuiken takes two-litre wine bottles discarded by restaurants and hotels and transforms them into completely new bottles with completely different shapes. Irregular thicknesses in the glass walls create curvatures of varying depths. By constricting the body of the bottle at various points, new shapes are produced.


Jeans stand for freedom and individuality. How can you part with your favourite jeans, even when they have become too worn to wear? This is where Deadjeans comes in.

De broodzak

Baking bread is something many people enjoy, but afterwards you are left with a very messy kitchen. The alternative is a bread-making machine, but that has the disadvantage of being energy-intensive. Made from silicone, the bread bag has been designed for people to make their own bread without getting dough all over their hands and their kitchen counter.


Bamboo is a renewable resource. This fast-growing grass turns into wood during its life cycle and, after five years, yields wood of almost the same density as tropical wood types. And, once it has been harvested, new bamboo shoots appear almost immediately.


3D printing is a technique that enables making shapes that would be impossible to create by hand. The product is a computer file that users can download from the net, so the chosen design can be altered and printed out anywhere in the world. The method has several advantages: items no longer need to be kept in stock, and there are no transportation and shipping costs.

Manou Chair

The Manou Chair is constructed from the sustainable materials manou (pulp cane) and leather and comprises a minimum number of parts that all have a function.

Formed from Clay

The Netherlands is a land formed by river, sea and glacier clay. By excavating clay in different sites throughout the Netherlands, shaping them and firing them, an incredible series of tiles resulted: a ceramic map in a variety of colours.

Canvas: second skin façade

For the renovation of an office building in Utrecht, firm of architects Cepezed and façade specialists jointly designed a Teflon-coated glass fibre second skin façade.


In the Netherlands, two hundred rotor blades are rejected every year. The rotor blades are weather and wind proof and aerodynamically shaped. Using five rejected wind turbine rotor blades, 2012Architecten built a playground in Rotterdam. By connecting the rotor blades, they created a labyrinth that is a great place for kids to play. In the future, 2012Architecten want to other items of street furniture and skateboard parks from rotor blades.

Wool Filler

Wool filler to help darn textiles was devised to repair a hole in a woollen cardigan. Holes in woollen clothing are rarely clean tears – they are often frayed, laddered or surrounded by worn areas. This difference in the density and weave of the fabric is an ideal basis for felt which, as a non-woven textile easily adheres to any open structure. The unusual thing about felt is that it attaches itself automatically to a surface by means of minute scales. So, when felt is used to repair a hole, something new is created: a new section of fabric.

Bagazo, chaise

The Bagazo chair is made out of bagasse, a natural waste fibre from the sugarcane industry. It is used to develop a bio composite that can be deployed in the making of furniture.

KAZMOK re-use

While searching for a material for the production of durable, strong bags, Dinand Stufkens discovered old conveyor belts once used by post order companies and flower auctions.

Side Table

The Side Table is part of the Urushi Series, in which Aldo Bakker works in collaboration with Uruschi artist Mariko Nishide. The Urushi Series last for all times, which is the ultimate in sustainability.

Seam Chair

When developing the Seam Chair and Seam Bench Chris Kabel worked with Materials Lab of the Air and Space Faculty at the TU Delft and composites manufacturer Lankhorst Indutech in Sneek. Chris Kabel used the material Pure, which is a 100% woven polypropylene textile (PP threads) with an internal core that melts at around 180 degrees C and an outside that melts at 130 degrees C. At the right temperature, the outer layer melts, fixing the remaining fibres. The result is an extremely hard recyclable material in contrast to the glass fibre-reinforced plastics currently used in the (furnishings) industry.

Jupperi, My grandparent’s house

Saara Vallineva, a student at the Sandberg Institute in Amsterdam, used simple, recycled everyday objects like cardboard, a doormat, a tea towel and tablecloths for her installations. She cuts or tears the objects into pieces, using the strips to create something new.

Fragment Textiles

For her graduation project at the HKU in Utrecht (September 2009), Fioen van Balgooi researched ways in which fashion designers can design eco-effectively. This involved starting four projects with different designers, where the focus was: What is the effect of the design choice (materials, technique, colour, shape, user phase and service) on the environment?